Latin Name: Cimicifuga foetida L.
Active Ingredients: Triterpene Glycosides
Specifications: 1% -20% Triterpene Glycosides
Part of Plant Used: Whole Herb
Testing Method: HPLC
Appearance: Yellow Brown Powder
Extract Method: Grain Alcohol
CAS NO.: 84776-26-1
Molecular weight: 674.00
Molecular formula: C37H54O11
What is Black Cohosh Extract produced in Hunan NutraMax Inc .?
Black cohosh is a perennial wildflower native to eastern North America. More than two centuries ago,
Native Americans discovered that the root of the black cohosh plant (Cimicifuga racemosa) helped relieve
menstrual cramps, and symptoms of menopause including hot flashes, irritability, mood swings, and sleep
disturbances. Today, the roots of black cohosh are still used for these purposes. In fact, the herb has been
widely used for more than 40 years in Europe and is approved in Germany for premenstrual discomfort,
painful menstruation, and menopausal symptoms.
Where will NutraMax ’s Black Cohosh Extract used to?
1. Menopausal Symptoms
A dozen studies or more conducted throughout the 1980s and 1990s confirm that the long-standing use of black cohosh for menopausal symptoms has scientific validity. For example, in a German
study involving 629 women, black cohosh improved physical and psychological menopausal symptoms in
more than 80% of the participants within four weeks. In a second study, 60 menopausal women were given
black cohosh extract, conjugated estrogens, or diazepam (a leading anti-anxiety medication) for three
months. Those who received black cohosh reported feeling significantly less depressed and anxious than
those who received either estrogens or diazepam. In another study, 80 menopausal women were treated
for 12 weeks with black cohosh extract, conjugated estrogens, or placebo. Black cohosh improved anxiety,
menopause and vaginal symptoms. In addition, the number of hot flashes dropped from 5 to less than 1
average daily occurences in the black cohosh group compared to those taking estrogen in whom hot
flashes dropped from 5 to 3.5 daily occurences. Given these examples, and results of other studies, some
experts have concluded that black cohosh may be a safe and effective alternative to estrogen replacement
therapy (ERT) for women who cannot or will not take ERT for menopause.
Many breast cancer patients use black cohosh to ease hot flashes, a common side effect of medications
used to treat breast cancer such as tamoxifen. In addition, although there is some debate about this, black
cohosh may contain plant based estrogens, called phytoestrogens. Therefore, there is some concern that if
there are phytoestrogens in black cohosh, they may stimulate the growth of breast tumors. This idea has not
been substantiated scientifically; in fact, some studies suggest that black cohosh may inhibit the growth of
breast cancer cells in test tubes. Additional research is needed before conclusions can be drawn about use
of black cohosh in women with a history of or risk for developing breast cancer (such as strong family
2. Arthritis & Osteoporosis
Preliminary studies also suggest that black cohosh may help reduce inflammation associated osteoarthritis
and rheumatoid arthritis. In a review of scientific studies, researchers concluded that a combination of black
cohosh, willow bark (Salix spp.), sarsaparilla (Smilax spp.), guaiacum (Guaiacum officinale) resin, and poplar
bark (Populus tremuloides) may help relieve symptoms of osteoarthritis.
Approximately 20 to 40 mg of black cohosh extract, standardized for triterpene glycoside levels (2.5%)
should be taken twice per day (total daily dose = 1-2mg triterpene glycosides). A period of 4-8 weeks is required for alleviation of menopausal symptoms.
Black cohosh has an estrogen-like effect, and women who are pregnant or lactating should not use the
herb. Large doses of this herb may cause abdominal pain, nausea, headaches, and dizziness.
Women taking estrogen should consult a physician before using black cohosh. Large doses of black c
ohosh cause symptoms of poisoning, particularly nausea and dizziness, and can also provoke miscarriage.
Black cohosh should not be used by those who have full-blown measles or those who are
having trouble breathing.
The Black Cohosh extract is standardized to a 2.5%,8% Triterpene Glycosides.