1. Site Selection Prior to planting Serbajadi Bermuda Grass Seeds, please select a site that is in full sun and has well-drained soil. Proper drainage is essential for successful establishment and the development of mature healthy turf. If drainage tiles are required, this should be installed. Irrigation system piping should also be installed.
2. Soil Test Next, you will need to carry out a soil test and pH test on your site. Amendments such as organic matter, lime and/or sulfur based on your soil tests can be added at this time. Soil pH is measured on a scale of 1-14 with 7 being neutral. A soil pH below 7 is considered acidic while a soil pH above 7 is considered alkaline. Bermuda grass prefers a soil pH of 6-7. Add Serbajadi Garden Lime to raise the pH of the soil.
Occasionally, you may encounter an alkaline soil with a pH above 7.5. In such a case, you can lower the pH to the 6-7 range with an elemental sulfur product. The most common form of elemental sulfur is aluminum sulfate.
3. Seedbed Preparation Till up your lawn area so that no weeds or grasses are left living in the area to be planted. This can be done with either a garden tiller, a tractor harrow/tiller or shovel. Loosen soil to a depth of 6-8 inches (15-20 cm) and put aside. Level area to proper grade with pulverized soil/sand at the surface. Now is the time to remove hills and depressions so that you have a nice smooth lawn. Remove debris (sticks, stones, etc), from the area. Place the loosen to soil back to the area, level the ground by raking or dragging something over the surface until it is smooth and level. This is the primary growth area for your new grass. Do not compact your soils on site by driving on with equipment when it is wet or damp.
Do not use weed killers before or after planting seed. Note: You must allow a period of 10-14 weeks prior to, and 10-14 weeks after seeding date in which NO herbicides or weed & feeds can be applied. Keep area mowed frequently to control weeds.
Bermuda Grass Seeding Rate for New Turf Applications Plant 100g of Serbajadi Bermuda grass seed (coated seed) per 8 square meters for new turf applications. More seed may be needed to ensure full coverage. You can use a commercial turf grass planter or sow the seeds by hand. For best results spread half of the seeds in one direction and another half in a different direction crisscross (90 degrees) to the first direction. This pattern ensures even coverage.
Note: Too many seeds too close together causes seedlings to fight for room and nutrients. Grass may be weak or thin in these areas.
Once your seeds are sowed, rake or drag the seeded area, so that as many of the seeds as possible are lightly covered (1/4 inch is ideal covering to hold moisture). This may be the most important step – a bare, open-to-the-air seed lying on the soil surface with no protection from extreme weather condition, cannot be kept moist enough to germinate well. Then if desired a light rolling will ensure good seed / soil contact. Irrigation is generally a requirement for best establishment. With the first watering, make sure that you apply enough water to wet the soil down to at least 6 to 8 inches. Apply the water gently with a handheld hose so that you don't wash the seed away or create puddles. You may have to water several times in short intervals until the bed is thoroughly wet. After that, water often enough to keep the top inch or so of the seedbed moist until the seed germinates. Soil moisture around the seed must be maintained for about 1 to 3 weeks or until new grass is two inches high. The seedbed must be kept moist during germination. Remember, seeds get only one shot at germination. Let them dry out, and they're dead. However, you don't want to overdo it. Too much water causes the seed to rot (wet is if you squeeze a ball of soil / water runs out - you don't want it that wet.).
Note: Keep in mind that establishing a bermuda grass lawn from seed takes time! So be patient and do not expect an "instant lawn". Your lawn will grow to be beautiful over time!
5. Protect the seedbed To keep kids, pets, or whatever off your newly seeded, very wet lawn, encircle it with brightly colored string attached to small stakes.
6. Caring for your new lawn after germination As your new lawn becomes established, provide less frequent, deep watering to encourage deep root growth, depending on the weather. If you continue your everyday watering routine, you're likely to overdo it and rot the young seedlings. Also, if the ground is too wet, you can inhibit root growth. When you have a pretty even ground cover of new seedlings, try skipping a day of watering and see what happens. Watch the grass carefully. If the color starts to go from bright green to dull gray green, the grass needs water. You may have to water some quick-to-dry areas with a handheld hose. If the grass doesn't dry out, keep stretching the intervals between watering until you're on a schedule of once or twice a week, or as needed. When you do water, don't forget to water deeply, getting the moisture down 6 to 8 inches. Watch the color of the soil surface. As the soil dries, the surface becomes lighter in color. When you notice about half to two-thirds of the surface lightening up, it's about time to water. You also need to make your first application of fertilizer about 4 to 6 weeks after germination. We highly recommend our Baja Serbajadi Lawnmaster.
7. The First Mowing of Bermuda Grass Lawns There's more to a new lawn than just watering. You need to mow the new lawn when it reaches 3 to 4 inches high. Mow when the soil is on the dry side; otherwise, you might tear up the new turf. In addition to avoid scalping the turf, do not remove more than 1/3 of the leaf blade per mowing. Minimum recommended mowing height (reel mowers) is 0.5 - 0.75 inches (12.5 to 18.75 mm). After the first mowing, mow every 3 to 7 days. Rotary mowers require higher minimum height (around 1”) to prevent scalping. Frequent mowing reduces the “brown look” on Bermuda grass.